Cyber attacks can come in many forms. Some attacks are slow or unnoticeable for months before a significant attack takes place. Some attacks are rapidly deployed, but the impact is short lived. Learning about various types of cyber attack can help you to avoid them and allow you to respond in a manner that best protects your devices and systems.
Malicious software, commonly referred to as malware, is software or code that is inserted into a device, usually covertly, with the intention of compromising one or more of these components of your data or systems: confidentiality, integrity, or availability. A cyber criminal may use malware to steal information or carry out malicious activities. Malware is an overarching term that encompasses, but is not limited to, traditional virus, worm, and trojan software, as well as modern ransomware, or rootkits threats.
The two most common ways for malware to be installed on your device are by accidentally downloading it while trying to download legitimate software, or through a phishing attack. In both instances, there are easy steps to take to protect yourself.
Be aware of downloads
Be vigilant when downloading software, or documents. If you are downloading something from the internet, ensure that you go to legitimate sources. Cyber criminals can make fake websites that look very convincing. Ensure you always check that the web address (URL) is accurate and look for spelling errors or incorrect logos before downloading anything.
Avoid Phishing attacks
Learn more about phishing attacks and how to avoid them.
Install anti-malware software
Install and use a reputable anti-malware software. Ensure it is set up to automatically scan other software and documents before they are downloaded to your computer. You can also set it up to scan your device at regular intervals.